Spasticity affects more than 12 million people worldwide.
Spasticity is a common neurological condition, in which certain muscles are steadily contracted. As a result of this continuous contraction, muscles become rigid, and this interferes with movement, speech, and gait. It is believed that spasticity is a results from damage to the region of the brain that is responsible for controlling voluntary movements. More than 12 million people worldwide are affected by this condition. In fact, about 80% of people with Cerebral Palsy have spasticity. Similarly, studies also show that about 80% of people with Multiple Sclerosis have varying degrees of spasticity.
Some common conditions that may lead to spasticity include:
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
- Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)
- Brain Damage (from lack of oxygen)
- Lou Gehrig’s Disease
There are several treatment options available for this condition, including BTA Injections (Botulinum Toxin). This treatment option works by blocking the release of acetylcholine, thereby relaxing overactive muscles. Dr. Supriya Thiruyarayanan has advanced the use of Botox for Chronic Migraines at TIND’s Headache Clinic in Plano. This is one type of procedure she performs to help treat spastic muscles.
Source: “Spasticity .” American Association of Neurological Surgeons , www.aans.org/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Spasticity.